Template-Type: ReDIF-Paper 1.0 Series: Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers Creation-Date: 2014-05-09 Number: 14-056/V Author-Name: Randolph Sloof Author-Workplace-Name: University of Amsterdam Author-Name: Mirjam van Praag Author-Workplace-Name: Copenhagen Business School, Denmark Title: Testing for Distortions in Performance Measures: An Application to Residual Income Based Measures like Economic Value Added Abstract: This discussion paper resulted in a publication in the 'Journal of Economics and Management Strategy', 2015, 24(1), 74-91.
Distorted performance measures in compensation contracts elicit suboptimal behavioral responses that may even prove to be dysfunctional (gaming). This paper applies the empirical test developed by Courty and Marschke (2008) to detect whether the widely used class of Residual Income based performance measures —such as Economic Value Added (EVA)— is distorted, leading to unintended agent behavior. The paper uses a difference-in-differences approach to account for changes in economic circumstances and the self-selection of firms using EVA. Our findings indicate that EVA is a distorted performance measure that elicits the gaming response.
Submitted to the 'Journal of Economics and Management Strategy'. Classification-JEL: D21, G35, J33, L21, M12, M40, M52 Keywords: Residual Income, Economic Value Added, distortion, performance measurement, incentive compensation File-Url: http://papers.tinbergen.nl/14056.pdf File-Format: application/pdf File-Size: 312995 bytes Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20140056