Template-Type: ReDIF-Paper 1.0 Series: Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers Creation-Date: 2013-12-16 Number: 13-204/II Author-Name: Cars Hommes Author-Workplace-Name: University of Amsterdam Title: Behaviorally Rational Expectations and Almost Self-Fulfilling Equilibria Abstract: This discussion paper led to a publication in the 'Review of Behavioral Economics, 1 (1-2), 75-97.
Rational expectations assumes perfect, model consistency between beliefs and market realizations. Here we discuss behaviorally rational expectations, characterized by an observable, parsimonious and intuitive form of consistency between beliefs and realizations. We discuss three case-studies. Firstly, a New Keynesian macro model with a representative agent learning an optimal, but misspecified, AR(1) rule to forecast inflation consistent with observed sample mean and first-order autocorrelations. Secondly, an asset pricing model with heterogeneous expectations and agents switching between a mean-reverting fundamental rule and a trend-following rule, based upon their past performance. The third example concerns learning-to-forecast laboratory experiments, where under positive feedback individuals coordinate expectations on non-rational, almost self-fulling equilibria with persistent price fluctuations very different from rational equilibria. Classification-JEL: D84, D83, E32, C92 Keywords: Expectation feedback, self-fullling beliefs, heuristic switching model, experimental economics File-Url: http://papers.tinbergen.nl/13204.pdf File-Format: application/pdf File-Size: 646244 bytes Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20130204