Template-Type: ReDIF-Paper 1.0 Series: Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers Creation-Date: 2009-07-17 Revision-Date: 2012-04-18 Number: 09-063/2 Author-Name: Tim Willems Author-Workplace-Name: University of Amsterdam Author-Name: Sweder van Wijnbergen Author-Workplace-Name: University of Amsterdam Title: Imperfect Information, Lagged Labor Adjustment and the Great Moderation Abstract: This discussion paper resulted in a publication in the 'Oxford Economic Papers-New Series', 2013, 65(2), 219-239.
This paper first documents the increase in the time lag with which labor input reacts to output fluctuations ("the labor adjustment lag") that is visible in US data since the mid-1980s. We show that a lagged labor adjustment response is optimal in a setting where there is uncertainty about the persistence of shocks and where labor input is costly to adjust. We then present evidence that both the nature of shocks as well as labor adjustment costs may have changed during the 1980s in a direction that could explain the observed increase in the lag. Finally, we argue that the increased labor adjustment lag has the potential to explain some macroeconomic puzzles that characterize post-1984 US data, such as the reduced procyclicality of labor productivity and the reduction in output volatility (known as the Great Moderation). Classification-JEL: E24, E32, J23, J24 Keywords: imperfect information, labor adjustment, jobless growth, option value of waiting, Great Moderation File-Url: http://papers.tinbergen.nl/09063.pdf File-Format: application/pdf File-Size: 456289 bytes Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20090063