Template-Type: ReDIF-Paper 1.0 Series: Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers Creation-Date: 2009-08-18 Revision-Date: 2010-11-29 Number: 09-060/3 Author-Name: Thijs Dekker Author-Workplace-Name: Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University Amsterdam Author-Name: Herman R.J. Vollebergh Author-Workplace-Name: Netherlands Assessment Agency, Bilthoven Author-Name: Frans P. de Vries Author-Workplace-Name: Stichting Management School, Division of Economics, University of Stirling Author-Name: Cees A. Withagen Author-Workplace-Name: Dept. of Spatial Economics, VU University Amsterdam, and CentER, Tilburg University Title: Inciting Protocols - How International Environmental Agreements Trigger Knowledge Transfers Abstract: This discussion paper led to a publication in 'Journal of Environmental Economics and Management' 64(1), 45-67.
This paper studies patenting decisions by firms in relation to the negotiation and signing of the Helsinki and Oslo protocol as part of the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. We use a uniquely constructed patent data set on SO2 abatement technologies filed in 15 signatory and non-signatory countries in the period 1970-1997. The data distinguish between so-called 'mother' patents, or original inventions, and 'family' patents, which represent the same invention but are patentsfiled in foreign countries. Our analysis suggests that not only local environmental regulations matter for patenting decisions. International environmental agreements provide incentives for additional inventive activity in and the diffusion of knowledge towards signatory countries by reducing investment uncertainty for inventing firms. Classification-JEL: D7; D8; O31; Q5 Keywords: International environmental agreements, Inventions, Knowledge transfers, Patents, Acid rain File-Url: http://papers.tinbergen.nl/09060.pdf File-Format: application/pdf File-Size: 301881 bytes Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20090060